The problem of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has evolved over the past few decades from worrying to downright ominous. Both overprescription by physicians and misuse by people are to blame for this. Contrary to popular belief, taking antibiotics when they are not necessary does nothing but hasten …
For generations, cannabis was treated as a dangerous, addictive, and destructive gateway drug that led to further use of harder drugs like heroin and cocaine. The Reefer Madness era told young people that using cannabis would make them go psychotic. The War on Drugs sent people of color …
Since cannabis seeds are metabolically living material, their germination is highly dependent not only on genetics, but also on environmental factors. There are several reasons why cannabis seeds can die and fail to germinate. Among them:
Initially poor seed quality;
Improper storage conditions for cannabis seeds and rhode island medical card https://dr-weedy.com/rhode-island/;
Improperly organized germination conditions.
Let’s look at each of these points in more detail.
First, the reason cannabis seeds do not germinate may be their poor quality. Unfortunately, not all producers fear for their reputation and sell a good quality product. It also happens that in the hands of the grower seeds are deliberately spoiled – infected, immature or, on the contrary, overripe. Such seeds are not suitable for cultivation, and all that remains in such a case is to meekly get rid of them. Often “sick” seeds are easy to identify by their appearance: they are whitish-transparent or have a greenish-yellow color, and there is no healthy contrasting pattern on them. To avoid such unpleasantness and to be sure of the quality of the seeds, it is better to buy them in reliable stores.
Seeds can also be damaged during transportation. In that case, there is only one thing you can do: buy cannabis seeds from a trusted seller with a good reputation. The really good stores do not sacrifice the trust of their customers, providing only quality seeds and a secure packaging to protect the seeds from environmental influences. It is worth mentioning that really good cidbanks have an established quality control system, which means that they are willing to take responsibility for their goods and reimburse low-quality seeds that have not germinated.
Second, seeds can go bad because of improper storage conditions. If you have cannabis seeds, but decide not to germinate them all at once, you need to learn how to store them properly. To ensure that the seeds will not be damaged, you need to keep them in good conditions, in a cool temperature without sudden changes and low humidity. A place for storage is better to choose a dark place, inaccessible to sunlight. A good temperature for storing cannabis seeds is between 4 and 8°C, and not humidity higher than 9%, which is why a good place to keep them is a freezer at home. The seeds should first be placed in a foil-lined zip bag or homemade roll of foil, and then in an airtight, and preferably glass, container. To maintain a stable moisture level, it is recommended to place silico gel in a 1:5 ratio (1 ball of silico gel per 5 seeds) in the container with the seeds. “Frozen” cannabis seeds do not lose their vitality and can be stored in this state for up to 3 years, after which they successfully germinate.
Third, the seeds can also die at the hands of the grower. There are a number of mistakes that growers make directly in the germination process. There are quite a few ways to sprout cannabis seeds, but the most common are sprouting in damp matter (cotton disks, gauze, sponges) and sprouting directly in soil. Some of the most common mistakes made by the grower include:
Insufficient moisture. This occurs if the cloth in which the seeds germinate was too dry or did not adhere tightly enough to the seeds. This does not mean that the cannabis seeds have to sink into the water. It is enough if the germination material is just wet and does not dry out until the seeds have sprouted. In the case of sprouting into the soil, it’s the same story. Seeds will not show a root if the soil contains insufficient moisture for their development.
Excess moisture. As the main provocateur of fungus, excessive moisture can also contribute to the death of seeds. From excessive moisture, they can simply rot;
Too deep seeding. You have to understand that cannabis seeds are fragile organisms, and that they will have a hard time breaking through a thick layer of soil. You should never plant the seeds deeper than 2.5 cm, otherwise they will not have enough air and therefore enough energy to reach the surface. The optimal depth for sowing cannabis seeds is 1 cm.
Poor quality water for irrigation. Water must be clean, without additives and high chlorine content. The recommended pH is 6.5;
Soil with a fungal infection. It happens that the fungus is present in the soil originally. It is better to reassure yourself and use pre-sterilized soil;
Soil that is too dense, through which the seeds do not get the right dose of water and oxygen and subsequently suffocate;
Soil that is too loose, causing too much air to form around the seed and the moisture it needs to evaporate;
Soil with the wrong pH or too much fertilizer also has an adverse effect on seed development. It is best to use clean material as a germination medium, more on how to prepare the soil for growing cannabis.
Regarding temperature and humidity, it is best to germinate the seeds in an enclosed space with a room temperature (23-25 C°) and humidity of ±50%. These are conditions found in almost every average apartment, so you don’t have to get fancy or get especially crafty.
Cannabis seeds have long been used in folk medicine as a rejuvenating, anti-inflammatory and healing agent. They can be made into a brew, crushed, ground and mashed. Hemp seeds are added to salads, sauces, baked goods and cocktails. They are used to make healing hemp …
Since cannabis seeds are metabolically living material, their germination is highly dependent not only on genetics, but also on environmental factors. There are several reasons why cannabis seeds can die and fail to germinate. Among them: Initially poor seed quality; Improper storage conditions for cannabis …
The final and, in fact, decisive stage in the life of cannabis, as well as an exciting and responsible period for the grower, is the flowering period. And there are certain reasons for that.
Flowering precedes harvest. How good it will be (depending on the goal – to collect more high-quality seeds for subsequent grow, or high-quality resinous cones), directly depends on how successfully the plant blooms and fades. He, in turn, needs certain conditions that contribute to the intensification of internal metabolic processes with the production of resin rich in THC, or substances that promote the growth and maturation of seeds. More information can be obtained from the issuers of massachusetts medical marijuana card online https://dr-weedy.com/massachusetts/.
In fact, as in the human body, many internal processes, in particular, reproductive, are controlled by hormones produced by the same body. In this case, the work of the secretory function can be influenced. For example, environmental conditions have an effect. When the plant falls into the necessary conditions favorable for the beginning of flowering, processes are launched that transfer the plant to the flowering stage.
Sudden changes in conditions can be stressful. The options for stress results are different: flowering will stop or delay, the harvest will be weak, the production of cannabinoids will stop, hemp hermaphrodite will appear, etc. In this case, conditions are understood as a combination of the following factors:
Light mode (duration of day and night). This is an important factor for photoperiodic cannabis and much less so for autoflowering marijuana strains that will flower after the plant has gone through the growing season and matured to the desired degree.
Temperature conditions. Much depends on the characteristics of a particular variety. Heat-loving Sativa varieties are less tolerant of night-time drops in air temperature, while Indica tolerates drops.
Can photoperiod cannabis be converted to outdoor flowering earlier?
This is a question that interests many mid to northern latitude growers with short summers and erratic autumn heat.
In indoor growing, the grower himself creates and manages the conditions. Open ground is much more interesting in this regard. It would seem that in outdoor conditions, when the lighting regime, changes in weather and temperature depend on the climatic characteristics of a particular strip and region, and the grower can only operate with top dressing (composition, quantity) and partly the abundance of watering, little depends on the person.
So a photoperiodic variety, selected according to its properties for the conditions of a particular area, in theory, should bloom itself about 1-2 weeks after the length of daylight hours drops to 12 hours and will decrease. This feature is due to the fact that during this period the average daily temperature becomes lower, it is already much cooler at night, and in the dark, the plant begins to produce and accumulate resin with THC containing specific hormones. In daylight, these substances are destroyed. The shorter the day, the less substances will be destroyed. So night after night, they accumulate, and upon reaching a certain threshold (just a week or two or three), the plant blooms. The intensity of flowering and the accumulation of valuable resin also depends in part on the surrounding conditions.
If the target is fat buds, then it is important to prevent pollination by removing males from the plot. Otherwise, after pollination, all the energy of the plant will be directed to the formation and maturation of seeds. THC production will stop. The non-pollinated plant (sensimilla) will continue to intensively produce rich resin.
In fact, many outdoor plants do not wait until the second half of September and do not bloom until October-November, but bloom and wither earlier. Therefore, the transition to flowering in photoperiod cannabis can be accelerated without waiting for the 12/12 regimen.
To do this, it is possible in advance, but after the active growing season of marijuana, the formation of a strong plant and determination of its sex, as well as after it has become cooler outside (16-26 ° C), change the feeding rich in nitrogen to one enriched in phosphorus and potassium. It is these elements that the plant needs for the growth of buds and the production of resin. At the same time, nitrogen starvation will create a feeling in the plant that the vega is over and it is time to bloom.
Humidity should also be controlled, not allowing it to rise more than 40-50%. If necessary and possible, then the bush and its roots should be sheltered from the rains. In a few days, it is worthwhile to arrange a drought for the plant by fertilizing the soil at the root, for example, with plant ash. This will stimulate cannabis to start actively producing resin in order to retain moisture, and at the same time the growth and swelling of inflorescences (cones).
A simple technique using biofuel will help to shelter the plant from the first frosts on the soil. Organic matter (mown grass) can be spread out around the plant in a large shaft, and this pile can be poured with a solution with microorganisms that decompose organic matter with the release of heat. There is enough heat to heat the roots and part of the bush from the beginning of flowering to the harvest of cannabis.
Most problems will be eliminated by choosing the autoflowering version for outdoor and harsh climates. Then flowering and harvesting will come earlier, long before the first cold weather.
Hemp oil is a valuable food and technical product made from cannabis seeds (do not confuse it with butter-based canna butter). As a rule, technical varieties that do not contain psychoactive substances are used for its production. But if it occurs to anyone to make …
Soil preparation in the open field is one of the important activities that can positively affect the quantity and quality of the hemp crop. You can find a lot of advice online from experienced gardeners who have been doing this business for years in countries where it is allowed by law. They went through a lot of mistakes when growing, and therefore their recommendations can be listened to. In this article, we have collected all the important points of this procedure to save you time searching for this information.
What kind of soil is suitable for growing marijuana?
Chernozem is not for nothing considered the most fertile soil in the world. It is ideal for a wide variety of crops as well as cannabis. If it is he who is present at the landing site, then the preparation process may not be carried out. It will be enough just to feed the plant. Hemp also feels comfortable in less fertile soils with a mixed composition. About them a little further.
The main requirements for the physical properties of cannabis soil are high drainage and aeration performance. Water should not stagnate in it for a long time, otherwise the cannabis root system will start to rot. The presence of nutrients in the soil can be determined by the presence of abundant vegetation on it. If raspberries or nettles grow in the intended landing site, then it is worth stopping on it, since these two plants have requirements
similar to cannabis to the soil.
Most of the soil types in our country consist of several components and have a multilayer structure. As a rule, they contain sand, silt, humus and / or clay. Their type is determined depending on the amount of each of the ingredients.
To determine the composition of the soil, it is necessary to stir a small amount of it well in the water, and wait until it has settled. Particles with a large mass will sink to the bottom first, the lighter ones will fall in the next layers. By measuring the depths of each layer, you can determine the percentage of ingredients. Next, you just need to add the missing ones so that the soil acquires the properties the grower needs. When this is done, the first stage of preparation is complete.
Silt and sand
Silt and sand are physically unable to retain moisture and nutrients for a long time. Therefore, sandy soils are unsuitable for cannabis cultivation. Typically, silt and sand are used as an additive to improve drainage performance. The diameter of sand fractions varies from 0.05 to 2 mm, of silt – from 0.002 to 0.05 mm.
With a decrease in the diameter of soil particles, its drainage characteristics decrease. That is why clay, the fraction diameter of which is not less than 0.002 mm, practically does not allow moisture to pass through. Water binds to its dusty particles, creating an airtight layer. Because of this, the aeration characteristics of the clay also suffer. If it prevails in the soil, then the plant will certainly die from waterlogging, fungi or mold.
Humus is a decomposition product of organic matter that contains the nutrients that marijuana needs, presented in an easily digestible form for it. The more it is in the soil, the more fertile it is.
Soil saturation with nutrients
Now that the soil has the necessary drainage and aeration characteristics, it must be saturated with nutrients, which are the “building blocks” for the cells and tissues of hemp. This can be done in several ways:
The landing site should be decided in the fall. You should dig a hole 1 meter deep, and throw several kilograms of fresh fish into it. Over the winter, it will completely rot, saturating the soil with organic decomposition products. These include three chemical elements important to cannabis – nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K);
With the arrival of spring, when the snow has completely melted, a layer of soil 0.5-1 meter deep should be removed. It must be mixed with one of the types of natural fertilizers: overripe manure, bone or blood meal, compost. Then fall asleep back. In a few months, these substances will saturate the soil with all the same substances;
If the grower decided on the place of planting just before planting, then the best option would be to use the purchased soil mixture. It can be purchased at your nearest flower shop. It is necessary to dig about a half-meter hole, and fill it with soil mixture.
Open ground or grow bags – which is better?
The problem of preparing the soil outdoors can be solved by using growbags – special fabric bags buried in the ground and filled with purchased soil. With their help, cannabis grows outdoors, but at the same time has its own underground ecosystem.
Both cultivation methods have their pros and cons. In order to choose the most suitable for themselves, the grower will certainly need to familiarize himself with them.
Growing hemp in soil
Nothing hinders the development of the cannabis root system in the ground. This allows her to realize her full genetic potential for growth. The larger the bush, the more harvest it will bring;
The hemp bush does not need to be transplanted into large pots as it grows;
Grover won’t have to spend money on growbags.
The hemp bush cannot be transferred. If the grower is caught off guard by the cold, he may lose his crop;
Even with pre-prepared soil, there is a possibility that it may deteriorate. Nothing prevents the washing out of nutrients by rain and the penetration of harmful substances from the nearby unprepared soil.
Growing in growbags
You can move the cannabis to a better place or hide it indoors from the weather;
By choosing the size of the grow bag, the grower can control the growth of the cannabis bushes. This is especially true when growing Sativa, which can easily grow up to 2-5 meters;
The gardener gets the opportunity to control the quality and composition of the soil.
Lovers of easy money will be able to rob the grower and get ahead of him with the harvest;
Growbag can restrict root development, preventing cannabis from realizing its genetic growth potential;
The plant may need more frequent watering. There is not enough moisture penetrating the walls of the growbag.
The genetics of cannabis can work wonders, and then incredible huge plants appear in the skillful hands of breeders, giving gigantic yields. And if you reinforce these qualities with appropriate care, the result will exceed all your expectations. We bring to your attention five of …