Since cannabis seeds are metabolically living material, their germination is highly dependent not only on genetics, but also on environmental factors. There are several reasons why cannabis seeds can die and fail to germinate. Among them: Initially poor seed quality; Improper storage conditions for cannabis …
Cannabis seeds have long been used in folk medicine as a rejuvenating, anti-inflammatory and healing agent. They can be made into a brew, crushed, ground and mashed. Hemp seeds are added to salads, sauces, baked goods and cocktails. They are used to make healing hemp …
The final and, in fact, decisive stage in the life of cannabis, as well as an exciting and responsible period for the grower, is the flowering period. And there are certain reasons for that.
Flowering precedes harvest. How good it will be (depending on the goal – to collect more high-quality seeds for subsequent grow, or high-quality resinous cones), directly depends on how successfully the plant blooms and fades. He, in turn, needs certain conditions that contribute to the intensification of internal metabolic processes with the production of resin rich in THC, or substances that promote the growth and maturation of seeds. More information can be obtained from the issuers of massachusetts medical marijuana card online.
In fact, as in the human body, many internal processes, in particular, reproductive, are controlled by hormones produced by the same body. In this case, the work of the secretory function can be influenced. For example, environmental conditions have an effect. When the plant falls into the necessary conditions favorable for the beginning of flowering, processes are launched that transfer the plant to the flowering stage.
Sudden changes in conditions can be stressful. The options for stress results are different: flowering will stop or delay, the harvest will be weak, the production of cannabinoids will stop, hemp hermaphrodite will appear, etc. In this case, conditions are understood as a combination of the following factors:
Light mode (duration of day and night). This is an important factor for photoperiodic cannabis and much less so for autoflowering marijuana strains that will flower after the plant has gone through the growing season and matured to the desired degree.
Temperature conditions. Much depends on the characteristics of a particular variety. Heat-loving Sativa varieties are less tolerant of night-time drops in air temperature, while Indica tolerates drops.
Can photoperiod cannabis be converted to outdoor flowering earlier?
This is a question that interests many mid to northern latitude growers with short summers and erratic autumn heat.
In indoor growing, the grower himself creates and manages the conditions. Open ground is much more interesting in this regard. It would seem that in outdoor conditions, when the lighting regime, changes in weather and temperature depend on the climatic characteristics of a particular strip and region, and the grower can only operate with top dressing (composition, quantity) and partly the abundance of watering, little depends on the person.
So a photoperiodic variety, selected according to its properties for the conditions of a particular area, in theory, should bloom itself about 1-2 weeks after the length of daylight hours drops to 12 hours and will decrease. This feature is due to the fact that during this period the average daily temperature becomes lower, it is already much cooler at night, and in the dark, the plant begins to produce and accumulate resin with THC containing specific hormones. In daylight, these substances are destroyed. The shorter the day, the less substances will be destroyed. So night after night, they accumulate, and upon reaching a certain threshold (just a week or two or three), the plant blooms. The intensity of flowering and the accumulation of valuable resin also depends in part on the surrounding conditions.
If the target is fat buds, then it is important to prevent pollination by removing males from the plot. Otherwise, after pollination, all the energy of the plant will be directed to the formation and maturation of seeds. THC production will stop. The non-pollinated plant (sensimilla) will continue to intensively produce rich resin.
In fact, many outdoor plants do not wait until the second half of September and do not bloom until October-November, but bloom and wither earlier. Therefore, the transition to flowering in photoperiod cannabis can be accelerated without waiting for the 12/12 regimen.
To do this, it is possible in advance, but after the active growing season of marijuana, the formation of a strong plant and determination of its sex, as well as after it has become cooler outside (16-26 ° C), change the feeding rich in nitrogen to one enriched in phosphorus and potassium. It is these elements that the plant needs for the growth of buds and the production of resin. At the same time, nitrogen starvation will create a feeling in the plant that the vega is over and it is time to bloom.
Humidity should also be controlled, not allowing it to rise more than 40-50%. If necessary and possible, then the bush and its roots should be sheltered from the rains. In a few days, it is worthwhile to arrange a drought for the plant by fertilizing the soil at the root, for example, with plant ash. This will stimulate cannabis to start actively producing resin in order to retain moisture, and at the same time the growth and swelling of inflorescences (cones).
A simple technique using biofuel will help to shelter the plant from the first frosts on the soil. Organic matter (mown grass) can be spread out around the plant in a large shaft, and this pile can be poured with a solution with microorganisms that decompose organic matter with the release of heat. There is enough heat to heat the roots and part of the bush from the beginning of flowering to the harvest of cannabis.
Most problems will be eliminated by choosing the autoflowering version for outdoor and harsh climates. Then flowering and harvesting will come earlier, long before the first cold weather.
Hemp oil is a valuable food and technical product made from cannabis seeds (do not confuse it with butter-based canna butter). As a rule, technical varieties that do not contain psychoactive substances are used for its production. But if it occurs to anyone to make …
The genetics of cannabis can work wonders, and then incredible huge plants appear in the skillful hands of breeders, giving gigantic yields. And if you reinforce these qualities with appropriate care, the result will exceed all your expectations. We bring to your attention five of …
Sea Of Green, or SOG for short, is one of the methods of increasing marijuana yields that is actively used by growers and commercial growers around the world. With its help, you can get an increased amount of harvest with a minimum number of planted cannabis bushes. It is ideal for those gardeners who have problems with the height of their growbox but still have sufficient horizontal plane to grow a large number of small plants. It is not known by whom and when this method was invented, but there is no doubt about the resourcefulness of the creator.
The essence of the “Sea of Greens” method
The SOG Yield Enhancement Technique is one of the most effective ways to grow cannabis in areas with limited vertical space, which allows you to get more finished product in a short period of time. Its essence is to create the maximum possible number of clones from one hemp bush that is in the growing season. They are planted in separate pots, which are placed very close to each other, filling all the free horizontal space. The result is a semblance of a dense green carpet, which gardeners began to associate with the sea surface, hence the name of this method. After rooting, clones are immediately transferred to the flowering stage, which contributes to their rapid development. They all begin to grow at the same rate, resulting in their tops being at the same distance from the light source.
The SOG method involves growing exclusively marijuana clones. This is due to the fact that only with their help it is possible to make all plants have the same age, development rate, phenotype and immunity. If you germinate bushes from seeds, then they will develop unevenly, which will bring many inconveniences to the gardener.
Cannabis cultivation using the SOG method
Initially, the grower must grow a mother plant, which (important!) Must be photoperiodic. It is worth waiting until it reaches the required size so that the required number of clones can be cut from it. As a rule, 30 to 40 clone plants are placed per 1 m2 of cultivation area.
They are given time to accelerate by maintaining a light regime of 18/6 for several days. When they begin to grow, they are immediately transferred to the flowering stage by changing the light setting to 12/12. As a result, clones begin to develop rapidly, quickly forming one large central bump and several small branches in the upper part. Their height usually reaches 25-60 cm.
Depending on the genetics of the cultivar, it will take 2 to 3 months for clones to be ready to harvest. Their total yield will certainly be several times greater than the productivity of one mother plant.
Why are clones growing so rapidly?
After the clone’s light mode changes to 12/12, it begins to think that winter is coming soon. Its natural defense mechanism is triggered, which activates the genetic program for the preservation of the genus. But since the clone is still too small to enter the flowering stage and begin to form seeds, it begins to actively synthesize growth hormones. As a result of the effect of apical dominance inherent in cannabis at the genetic level, the plant rapidly pulls up the central stem without developing secondary shoots. It gains the minimum required height for the transition to flowering, and begins to actively form inflorescences.
Pros of the Sea Of Green method
The horizontal space of the growbox is 100% utilized;
The grower is harvesting significantly more than the mother plant would produce;
Suitable for short grow boxes;
The grower gets a harvest faster than growing bushes from seeds;
The grower does not need to wait for the cannabis to go through the growing season;
Since the plant quickly goes through its life path, the likelihood of cannabis infection with mold, fungi and diseases is significantly reduced;
Grover saves his finances by purchasing seeds;
There is no need for individual care for each bush, since clones develop synchronously;
Due to the same growth, the clones receive a uniform amount of light, which brings the efficiency of the light source to almost 100%.
Cons of the SOG method
Grover will definitely have to grow a solid mother bush;
Only clones can be grown by this method;
You need to be able to clone cannabis;
When planting a large number of clones, the gardener will have to put a lot of physical effort;
Novice gardeners will definitely experience difficulties with this method;
The grower will have to fork out for a large number of clone pots;
The gardener will not be able to take care of each plant separately;
If the growing process gets out of control, then the growbox can turn into a real jungle.
Soil preparation in the open field is one of the important activities that can positively affect the quantity and quality of the hemp crop. You can find a lot of advice online from experienced gardeners who have been doing this business for years in countries …