Blooming marijuana outdoors
The final and, in fact, decisive stage in the life of cannabis, as well as an exciting and responsible period for the grower, is the flowering period. And there are certain reasons for that.
Flowering precedes harvest. How good it will be (depending on the goal – to collect more high-quality seeds for subsequent grow, or high-quality resinous cones), directly depends on how successfully the plant blooms and fades. He, in turn, needs certain conditions that contribute to the intensification of internal metabolic processes with the production of resin rich in THC, or substances that promote the growth and maturation of seeds. More information can be obtained from the issuers of massachusetts medical marijuana card online.
In fact, as in the human body, many internal processes, in particular, reproductive, are controlled by hormones produced by the same body. In this case, the work of the secretory function can be influenced. For example, environmental conditions have an effect. When the plant falls into the necessary conditions favorable for the beginning of flowering, processes are launched that transfer the plant to the flowering stage.
Sudden changes in conditions can be stressful. The options for stress results are different: flowering will stop or delay, the harvest will be weak, the production of cannabinoids will stop, hemp hermaphrodite will appear, etc. In this case, conditions are understood as a combination of the following factors:
Light mode (duration of day and night). This is an important factor for photoperiodic cannabis and much less so for autoflowering marijuana strains that will flower after the plant has gone through the growing season and matured to the desired degree.
Temperature conditions. Much depends on the characteristics of a particular variety. Heat-loving Sativa varieties are less tolerant of night-time drops in air temperature, while Indica tolerates drops.
Can photoperiod cannabis be converted to outdoor flowering earlier?
This is a question that interests many mid to northern latitude growers with short summers and erratic autumn heat.
In indoor growing, the grower himself creates and manages the conditions. Open ground is much more interesting in this regard. It would seem that in outdoor conditions, when the lighting regime, changes in weather and temperature depend on the climatic characteristics of a particular strip and region, and the grower can only operate with top dressing (composition, quantity) and partly the abundance of watering, little depends on the person.
So a photoperiodic variety, selected according to its properties for the conditions of a particular area, in theory, should bloom itself about 1-2 weeks after the length of daylight hours drops to 12 hours and will decrease. This feature is due to the fact that during this period the average daily temperature becomes lower, it is already much cooler at night, and in the dark, the plant begins to produce and accumulate resin with THC containing specific hormones. In daylight, these substances are destroyed. The shorter the day, the less substances will be destroyed. So night after night, they accumulate, and upon reaching a certain threshold (just a week or two or three), the plant blooms. The intensity of flowering and the accumulation of valuable resin also depends in part on the surrounding conditions.
If the target is fat buds, then it is important to prevent pollination by removing males from the plot. Otherwise, after pollination, all the energy of the plant will be directed to the formation and maturation of seeds. THC production will stop. The non-pollinated plant (sensimilla) will continue to intensively produce rich resin.
In fact, many outdoor plants do not wait until the second half of September and do not bloom until October-November, but bloom and wither earlier. Therefore, the transition to flowering in photoperiod cannabis can be accelerated without waiting for the 12/12 regimen.
To do this, it is possible in advance, but after the active growing season of marijuana, the formation of a strong plant and determination of its sex, as well as after it has become cooler outside (16-26 ° C), change the feeding rich in nitrogen to one enriched in phosphorus and potassium. It is these elements that the plant needs for the growth of buds and the production of resin. At the same time, nitrogen starvation will create a feeling in the plant that the vega is over and it is time to bloom.
Humidity should also be controlled, not allowing it to rise more than 40-50%. If necessary and possible, then the bush and its roots should be sheltered from the rains. In a few days, it is worthwhile to arrange a drought for the plant by fertilizing the soil at the root, for example, with plant ash. This will stimulate cannabis to start actively producing resin in order to retain moisture, and at the same time the growth and swelling of inflorescences (cones).
A simple technique using biofuel will help to shelter the plant from the first frosts on the soil. Organic matter (mown grass) can be spread out around the plant in a large shaft, and this pile can be poured with a solution with microorganisms that decompose organic matter with the release of heat. There is enough heat to heat the roots and part of the bush from the beginning of flowering to the harvest of cannabis.
Most problems will be eliminated by choosing the autoflowering version for outdoor and harsh climates. Then flowering and harvesting will come earlier, long before the first cold weather.